Globally, Earth Day is celebrated on April 22nd every year and launched in 1970, in memory of the 1969 oil spill in Santa Barbara, California that led to the creation of landmark environmental laws and environmental protection agency.
Though launched to teach the concept of environmentalism for clean air, clean water and to protect endangered species, it expanded against the negative aspects of industrialization and growing public concern about the environment. At this backdrop, Earth Day became a global environmental movement.
As a sequel, every year, over a billion people across the world take part in clean-ups, marches, petitions to safeguard the environment, making it the largest civic observance in the world. To benefit the environment, people around the world are encouraged to do different activities viz, recycling, planting trees to reduce carbon footprint. However, this year due to the global pandemic, COVID 19, people are encouraged to celebrate virtually, marking it the first-ever Digital Earth Day.